Information2019-01-07T18:19:04+00:00

 Information: The First Steps

Below you will find useful information about containers, icoterms, guides of importer and
exporter and relevant information for your first shipments.

TRANSPORT CONTAINER

An Intermodal Container is a large standardized shipping container, designed and built for Intermodal Freight Transport. Containers can be used across different modes of transport such as from Ship to rail or truck with no need to unload, reload or transfer the cargo. This equipment is primarily used to store and transport materials and products efficiently and securely in a global containerized intermodal Freight Transport System, from door to door.

There are different type of containers for every need of transport, all of them stackable and equipped with devices in the corners and the cavities of the base that allow horizontal or vertical handling and its attachment to the transport vehicle or other containers.
Their main sizes are 45, 40, 20 feet, and large capacity (high cube container or HC).
The unit of measure of the container is the TEU (Twenty-foot Equivalent Units), which is equivalent to 20 feet (6.10m). The global capacities of the ships or the terminals of the containers are measured by the TEU.

INTERMODAL TRANSPORT CONTAINERS

Contenedor de Carga General STANDARD DRY
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload Door Open
Type Length Width Height Vol. Gross Weight Width Height
20′ 5.898 2.352 2.393 33,2 28.230 2.340 2.280
40′ 12.032 2.352 2.393 67,7 26.630 2.340 2.280
HC 12.032 2.352 2.698 76,3 26.520 2.340 2.585
45′ 13.556 2.352 2.695 86 27.910 2.340 2.579

This container is the most common and widely  used and is also known as General Purpose Container. Normally loaded frontly with sealed doors at one or both end (s). In addition, the various types of standard container also differ in dimensions and weight, resulting in a wide range of standard containers but the mainly ones are performed as 20ft and 40’ Containers. Smaller size are very seldom used. Indeed, the trend is towards even longer dimensions, e.g. 45ft. This equipment is built with corrugated Steel and Wood.

reefer container REEFER CONTAINER
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight
20′ 5.444 2.284 2.267 28,5 21.135/27.160#
40′ 11.583 2.284 2.250 58,7 26.580
HC 11.583 2.286 2.556 67,9 26.380
45′ 13.102 2.286 2.509 75,4 27.300

This type of container has an integrated  refrigeration unit for temperature and humidity control of the inside container. The refrigeration unit is arranged in such a way that the external dimensions of the container meet ISO standards and thus fit into the container ship like any standard Dry Container. The presence of an integral refrigeration unit entails a loss of internal volume and payload but preserves sensible cargo such us medicament, perishable goods, plants or any other cargo that requires a controlled atmosphere. This units have to be connect to on-board power supply systems or to power packs furnished by DIESEL generators.  This equipment is built in aluminum, Stainless Steel and/or PVC.

Contenedor sin Techo OPEN TOP CONTAINER
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight
20′ 5.900 2.330 2.337 32,6 21.740
40′ 12.025 2.330 2.337 65,8 26.410

Based in the same tandard Dry containers corrugated Steel construction but rigid roofless. The roof consists of removable bows and a removable tarpaulin or even synthetic canvas. The door header may be swivelled out. These two structural features greatly simplify the process of packing and unpacking the container. In particular, it is very easy to pack and unpack the container from above or through the doors by crane or crab when the roof is open and the door header is swivelled out, therefore it is mainly used for bulky cargo. Since roof bows of an open-top container is not solely to support the tarpaulin but also to contribute to container stability, Flatracks are therefore more suitable for overheight cargoes.

Contenedor Plataforma FLACK RACK CONTAINER (flat rack container)
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight
20′ 5.628 2.178 2.159 / 21.740
40′ 11.762 2.178 1.986 / 26.410

Flat Rack containers consist of a reinforced floor structure with a high loading capacity composed of a Steel frame and a softwood floor and two end walls which may be fixed or collapsible. This equipment is particulary suitable for heavy cargo such us machinery, coils, Steel sheets, caterpiller vehicles with wide wheel base, etc. Flat rack.

Contenedor de Costado Abierto  OPEN SIDE CONTAINER
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload Door Open
Length Width Height Vol. Gross Weight Width Height
20′ 5.896 2.310 2.255 31 22.470 2.236 1.960

This kind of containers has the same known construction prínciple like the Standard Dry containers but provided with a large oponed side wall at one or both sides. This ease to load/unload cargoes such us timbers or pipes.
Open Side containers can be fitted with side curtains or side metal doors. This equipment is commonly available in 20ft and 40ft size.

Contenedor Tanque ISO TANK
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight
20′ / / / 21 27.410

It is used to transport bulk liquids (oil, plastics, resins, latex, foodstuff , etc.) and some dangerous substances, such as toxic, corrosive and highly flammable liquids. Any transport purposed must be properly labeled.

It consists of a tank of aluminum or stainless steel anchored to a rack with the necessary accessories for the lashing to the anchors of ships, vehicles and cars, or to stack it on another container. It is important to remark that tank containers must be filled at least with 80% of its capacity to prevent dangerous surging of the liquids in transit. On the other hand, they must not, as a rule, be over 95% full, or there will not be sufficient ullage space for thermal expansión. Capacity is expressed in Liters.

Contenedor de carga general Reefer Container Contenedor sin techo Contenedor sin techo
20′ 0 3 5 6 8 22 23 25 26 52 92
40′ 1 4 7 20 21 24 27 54 94
HC 96 29 / /

NOTE: The dimensions are expressed in millimeters (mm), the capacity in cubic meters (m3) and the weight in kilograms (kg).

AIR FREIGHT CONTAINERS

Air freight containers, otherwise known as Unit Load Devices (ULDs), are specifically and specially designed to pack goods in large quantities. It aslo saves time and labor cost during loading.

ULD containers are made in from aluminum sheets and profile frames. Their standardized construction means that aircraft cargo nets snap straight into place and heavy pieces of cargo can be secured without any problems.

containers_clip_image002_0007-1 Contenedor AKH
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight
1.030 2.041 1.008 3.4 1.134
P1P P1P
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight
3.170 2.230 1.620 11,9 6.033
P6P, palé plataforma con red P6P, Plat pallet with net
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight/td>
10′ 3.170 2.430 1.620 21,2 6.804
PLA, palé plataforma con red PLA, Palf pallet with net
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight
3.170 1.530 1.620 7,2 3.175
Para, palé plataforma con red Fat pallet with net
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight
16′ 4.970 2.430 2.430 26,8 11.300
PGA, palé plataforma con red   Flat pallet with net
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight
20′ 6.040 2.430 2.430 33,2 11.340
AMA contenedor rectangular AMA Rectangular container
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight
3.170 2.430 2.430 17,5 6.804
AMD contenedor contorneado Contoured Container
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight
3.170 243 243 19,9 6.800
AGA, contenedor caja Box container
DInternal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight
20′ 6.040 2.430 2.430 33,0 11.340
AAF AAF
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight
4.060 2.240 1.630 / 6.033
AAU, contenedor contorneado Contoured container
Internal Measurements Volume & Maximum Payload
Length Width Height Capacity (CBM) Gross Weight
4.720 2.240 1.620 14,2 6.033

Incoterms

BASIC GUIDE TO THE EXPORTER

Basic Guide to Importer

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